Agra: the city where history comes to life.

Agra is a city on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It’s 206km away from the capital of India New Delhi. Agra is a place where history comes back to life one can find various buildings from the Mughal Empire and also the other empires. Agra is the home to one of the seven wonders of Earth the Taj Mahal. Agra is a magical place one can find history, architecture, love here. Other than all the history, culture, architecture one can find amazing tasty good here.

Historical monuments one can visit-

1]Taj Mahal-

A gesture of love the Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal king Shahjahan as a memorial for his life Mumtaz. This tremendous structure was built with pure white marble and resembles the Mughal style of architecture. This monument was built in the 17th century and is considered one of the seven wonders of the earth. The Taj is so majestic from the exterior but it has equally splendid architecture at the inside too. There are water channels and fountains in the entrance which makes the monument more splendid. It is said that Shah Jahan cut off the hands of the workers who made the Taj Mahal because he didn’t want any of to remake the structure. Shah Jahan said that the Taj made ”the sun and the moon shed tears from their eyes”. Rabindranath Tagore described it as “a teardrop in the cheek of eternity”. It is a structure one should definitely visit once in his life.

2]Fatehpur Sikri-

Fatehpur Sikri is a city that is just located 40km away from the city of Agra. This city is the pride of the Mughal empire. This city was built during the 16th century by Akbar. It is a city that was predominantly made of red sandstone. It was the capital of the empire for over 15 years. Fatehpur Sikri is home to places like Jodha Bai’s palace, Jama Mosque, Buland Darwaza, and a Tomb of Salim Chisti among many other famous monuments. Each monument has it’s own historic importance in the history of India. History-lovers should definitely visit this place. It is a unique blend of religion and excellent architecture.

3]Agra fort-

Agra fort is also known as Red fort is an architectural masterpiece that was built during the reign of King Akbar during the year 1573. It’s a massive fort that is located on the banks of river Yamuna. The Red Fort is so massive that people call it the walled city. This fort is made out of red sandstone that was bought from Rajasthan. One can see the Mughal Architectural style in this structure. Within the fort lies exquisite structures like Pearl Mosque, Diwan-i I Khas, Diwan-i I Aam, Moti Masjid and Jahangiri Mahal. This fort is located just 2.5 km away from the Taj Mahal so one can get a real good view of the Taj Mahal from here.

4]Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah-

This tomb is dedicated to Mir Gheyas beg a minister in Shah Jahan’s court. This is the first tomb that was made entirely out of marble. This tomb resembles the shift of the Mughals architectural style from phase one to phase two. It is said that this beautiful structure later inspired the architects to build a marvel like Taj Mahal. One can visit this place and One can visit this place and go back in time just by looking at the architecture. Some people also call this place the mini Taj Mahal.

5]Jama Masjid-

This structure is yet another structure that is made with red sandstone and marble. Also known the Friday mosque this mosque was built in the seventeenth century and is dedicated by Shah Jahan to his favourite daughter Jahan Ara Begum. The architecture of this mosque is pretty unique it has has a fountain at the centre and is supported by four kiosks in the courtyard. The interior consists of walls with carvings in Persian. Special prayers are conducted here every Friday.

6]Tomb of Akbar-

The tomb of Akbar is one of the most important monuments because it’s the tomb of one of the best emperors in India. This tomb is made of pure white marble. The construction of this tomb was overseen by Akbar himself although he died before he could complete it so his son completed the construction. The unique part about this tomb is that unlike other tombs this faces the side from where the sun rises and not the Mecca. Despite this being a tomb the Mughals have made sure to make this place fresh and cheerful. Akbar’s grave is made out of Sandstone and a piece of marble.

7]Shopping in Agra-

Agra isn’t only a place for history lovers it’s also a place for shopping lovers because Agra has one of the best classic markets. Like one can find local classic markets located right near the monuments. Agra is famous for its ethic articles. One can find things like silk clothes, handicrafts, leather bags, garments, jewellery, leather shoes, sarees, sweets, etc. One of the most famous markets here are Kinaari Bazaar, TDI Mall, Subhash Bazaar, Sadar Bazaar, Shah Market, etc.

Other than that the city of Agra is a home to many other monuments and structures of historic importance. Because in the end, it’s the city where history comes to life. It’s a place every history lover and architecture student should definitely visit. Because the monuments it’s inspirational and beautiful.

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