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The Indian Army is 1,325,450 strong and is world's 3rd largest military force. It has the world's largest volunteer army and has 1,155,000 reserved troops. The Indian armed forces have engaged in a number of major military operations.
The Portuguese-Indian War of 1961
India's independence movement succeeded first, and India became independent in 1947. Portugal claimed that Goa was not a Portuguese colony, it was an integral part of Portugal itself, and would never be abandoned.India made several entreaties to Portugal, all were rejected. So then the Indian military invaded Goa in 1961. The Portuguese had seen it coming for quite a while and were absolutely against giving it up. The Portuguese Prime Minister Salazar gave specific instructions to the Governor General of Goa to "fight to the last man". But it was a hopeless fight, the Indian military was overwhelmingly more powerful than all Portuguese resources in Goa, and after 2 days, the Governor General unconditionally surrendered to the Indian military.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Ever since India and Pakistan became independent in 1947, there were contentious issues which kept brewing. Kashmir was one of the dominant issues between the newly divided nations. This war began on 25 August, due to Pakistan's Operation Gibraltar, where Pakistan's soldier launched a covert operation across cease-fire line, established in 1949 after the first Indo-Pakistan war, to infiltrate into Jammu and Kashmir to create an insurgency against Indian. Indian retailed by launching a full-scale military attack on West Pakistan reaching up to the city of Lahore. The war ended on 23 September.At that time India held 1800 km's of Pakistani territory and Pakistan held 540 km's of Indian territory. This war was a watershed in the relations between India and Pakistan sealing Kashmir's future eternally. This victory against Pakistan was a second big win among the achievements of Indian Armed Force.
The Kargil War of 1999
The Kargil War was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LOC). The conflict is also referred to as Operation Vijay (Victory in Hindi) which was the name of the Indian operation to clear the Kargil sector.The war is one of the most recent examples of high altitude warfare in mountainous terrain, which posed significant logistical problems for the combating sides. Winning Kargil war was one of the tremendous achievements of Indian Armed Force.
The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants into positions on the Indian side of the LOC, which serves as the de facto border between the two states. The Indian Army, later on, supported by the Indian Air Force, recaptured a majority of the positions on the Indian side of the LOC infiltrated by the Pakistani troops and militants. With the international diplomatic opposition, the Pakistani forces withdrew from the remaining Indian positions along the LOC.
Indian Air Force
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The motto of Indian Air Force is "Touch the sky with glory". It has approx. 1,588 aircraft. The objective of Indian Air Force is to safeguard Indian territory and national interests from all threats in conjunction with the other branches of the armed forces by defending Indian Airspace.
Landing On Expressway
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The IAF has been considering using the national highways for an emergency landing by fighter aircraft. This capability was achieved by IAS on May 21, 2015, when a Mirage-2000 aircraft that got airborne from one of the IAS bases in central India safely landed on Yamuna Expressway. Launching this aircraft is another one among the achievements of Indian Armed Force.The makeshift Air Traffic Control, safety services, rescue vehicles, bird clearance parties and other requirements were set up by IAS Station in Agra.
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The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces. The Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), usually a four-star officer in the rank of Admiral, commands the Navy is to secure the nation's maritime borders besides humanitarian missions, including disaster relief. The successful Operations like Cactus and Trident by the Indian Navy were the huge naval achievements of Indian Armed Force. As of 2014, the Indian Navy has a strength of 58,350 personnel and a large operational fleet consisting of two aircraft carriers, one amphibious transport dock, 9 landing ship tanks, 9 destroyers, 15 frigates, one nuclear-powered attack submarine, 14 conventionally powered attack submarines, 24 corvettes, 7 mine countermeasure vessel, 32 patrol vessels, 4 fleet tankers and various auxiliary vessels.