After we got independence in 1947 the first scientific milestone that India can be said to have achieved was launching the first Indian satellite Aryabhatta into space in 1975. The chairman of ISRO at that time U R Rao was given major credit for this milestone, rightfully.
Since then we have come a long way in the field of science and technology or that of any other. The achievements of India in science in the recent years account for the fact that India now stands in the list of the most scientifically developed countries of the world with a lot of major benchmarks set. Listed below are 10 such achievements of India in science where it was proven that we may lag behind in other factors but deserve an equal footing in terms of science and technology.
1. The creation of Tejas
India's first indigenously built aircraft was Tejas which took its first flight in 2001. It was a great achievement for India after which we had no foreign assistance, no grants or international aids. India did the whole Research and execution by itself. The brain behind Tejas was doctor Koti Harinarayana.
2. Mangalyaan – The Mars Orbiter mission
The Mars Orbiter Mission or Mangalyaan was carried out by 14 scientists in ISRO. The reason why it is included in one of the greatest achievements of India in science is because it was one of the cheapest operations ever carried out and it was very economical in its functional value. It was the first in the history of the world to make Mars Orbiter mission successful in the very first attempt. It was not aided by any foreign body or International Organisation and the whole mission was purely Indian.
3. Chandrayaan 1
Not only the Mars Orbiter, we also created a Lunar Orbiter mission 2008. The successful execution of Chandrayaan 1. made India stand on equal footing with the USA in space research – which can be regarded as good as NASA. The major achievement that Chandrayaan brought in the development of Science and discovery of water molecules on the surface of the lunar soil.
4. The Aakash Tablet
While the world was full of expensive tablets, India launched the very cheap Aakash Tablet which retailed for just 1500 rupees and had a highly subsidised rate in comparison to the other tablets doing the rounds. It was pre loaded with educational material and distributed all over the country to all students who could possibly need it. The man behind the tablet was Sumeet Singh Tuli.
5. Param 800
India's first supercomputer was invented in 1991 with the name of Param 800. It was developed by the Centre of Development of Advanced Computing. After the development of this supercomputer, India scooched up it's ranking to second in the field of supercomputing, which is right after the USA.
6. Asia's first IVF baby
India welcomed home the world's 2nd IVF baby on 3rd October 1978. The operation was carried out by Dr Subhash Mukhopadhyay and India became home to the 2nd IVF baby in the world and the first IVF baby in Asia. Sadly, the achievement of doctor Subhash was not fully recognised and the West Bengal government dismissed this milestone as an unethical method.
7. Creation of fibre optics
The creation of fibre optics was a milestone because the transfer of information became extremely fast and high-speed communication and data transfers were made possible. The fibre optics also helped in the medical practices of endoscopy and laser surgery. It acted like 3G data Internet in the world of 2G; speeding up the process of transfer like no one had ever seen.
8. Brahmos – The Supersonic Cruise missile
The travelling speed of Brahmos is three times the speed of sound it also has a new technology called 'fire and forget'. It means that it has a self-guiding system, enabling it to hit the target with varying speed and direction which it can mind on its own. It is the most advanced Cruise missile in the world and guess what? India owns it.
9. INS Arihant
INS Arihant is a nuclear-powered submarine. It is the first nuclear-powered submarine to be built after the big five powers of the world, namely – USA, China, Russia, France and US. After it is operational and functional, India will be able to launch nuclear weapons from the water too, apart from air and earth. It is the first nuclear-powered submarine in Asia.
10. Tsunami early warning system
After the deadly Tsunami in 2004 hit Japan and claimed the lives of over 2 lac people, India established a Tsunami early warning system. It has 25 seismographic stations and it provides information to 26 Tsunami information centres. It can detect turbulences in the Indian Ocean in 10 minutes and it takes just 20 to inform the centres about the same. It successfully predicted the upcoming storm Phailin in Tamil Nadu a few years back.
These are some of the many achievements of India in science. We are a fast growing country and are matching footsteps with the rest of the world in technology and inventions.