Nipah virus

Nipah virus

With the recent 8 deaths in Kerala, there’s Been high alert there. The 3 deaths out of them were detected as some virus called Nipah virus, this virus is yet to be understood by many.

What is Nipah virus?

As per World Health Organisation, Nipah virus is the newly emerging severe disease found in both humans and animals. As it’s history it was found first time in 1988, in Malaysia and Singapore. The prominent reason was the pig at that time and by this, it was transferred to humans. Nipah virus affected 265 people then, and out of them there were around 40% were kept under intensive care. As a report from the WHO the main origin of this Nipah virus is fruit bats from Petropodidae family. The virus can be transferred from infected bats, pigs, or humans.

Symptoms and signs

The experts told that the Nipah virus is an airborne infection and can be directly transmitted if the affected body comes in contact. 

This virus is mainly related to brain inflammation and this causes high fever, drowsiness, disorientation, and confusion. The fever can be of 7-10 days and take care of respiratory system is also important during this. If not taken good care the patients can go into the coma as well, in 24-48 hrs span.

Prevention and cure

There’s no proper medicine or vaccine for this Nipah virus. The only way to take care is the intensive supportive care. Drinking raw dates plan sap bitten by bats can also cause Nipah virus, so it is advisable to not to consume dates palm in affected areas.

Hospitals also need to spread the awareness about the Nipah virus. To avoid human to human transmission.

To protect oneself from the virus

Avoiding in direct contact with pigs and bats in the affected region. If you feet uneasiness in the affected region, immediately get a doctor for the treatment.

Reason for the infection

the secretion and excretion of bats such as urine, Saliva, semen. The Nipah virus is highly contagious in coughing of pigs. Direct transmission with pigs had noticed in Malaysia back then in 1999. In 2001 there was the case of human to human transmission in India in Siliguri, many doctors and nurses were affected at that time.

In Kerala

It was noticed that the 3 people who died are the affected mangoes bitten by fruit bats. The mangoes were found affected after the test from their houses.

Vaccine

As per WHO statement the vaccines are being developed. The vaccines which are made have successfully proven on cats. Canarypox vectored Nipah F and G vaccine has been the best vaccines to prevent Nipah virus and also has potential to treat the humans.

Why are bats getting so dangerous?

It’s been noticed that the increase of bats related viral infection contagious to both human and animals because of the loss of natural habitats of bats. As the human activity destroyed the bats’ habitat. The reason behind the bats getting hungry weaker and stressed out is this. Thier immune system went down and virus load went up and a lot of bats spills virus in form of urine and saliva.  The cause of all problem is the human activity and this rapid growth of human population exploitating the mother earth and nature.

 

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Post Author: Sanjeevani Srivastava